LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES & EQUITY

Promoting and supporting sustainable and accountable management of land and natural resources.

ILEG seeks to promote and support equitable access, utilization and sharing of benefits accruing from investments on land and natural resources. In addition, the program seeks to support and work with local communities to practically conserve and restore degraded lands, forests, wetlands and other natural resources.

Overview

Land and natural resources hold significant importance as sources of wealth, identity, and power. Acknowledging their crucial role, good land governance is emphasized as a key factor in achieving several United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), spanning poverty elimination, sustainable agriculture, gender equality, economic growth, and peaceful societies. It is widely recognized that secure land and natural resource rights for all are mandatory for reducing poverty because they ensure social inclusion and economic development. However, land and natural resources are not just becoming scarce they are also facing heightened degradation. Inadequate land and natural resource management methods, disagreement over the ownership, access to, governance and management of natural resources, the decline of biodiversity, increasing population pressure, natural disasters, the impact of neo-colonial policies compounded with climate change have collectively led to the deterioration of 65% of Africa’s fertile land and natural resources and the desertification of 45% of its overall landmass.  

In Africa, where economies and livelihoods are intricately linked to these resources, continental organizations like the African Union (AU) recognize the need for conservation, protection, and sustainable use for structural transformation. Initiatives like the Land Policy Initiative and Africa Mining Vision aim to guide development and promote equitable access to resources. In the East African Community (EAC) as well natural resources are viewed as drivers of economic development, leading to the creation of protocols for sustainable management and cooperation. Kenya, with its rich natural resources, faces challenges such as population growth, unsustainable practices, and industry impact, prompted initiatives like the National Land Policy and the Constitution of 2010 but despite the progress, issues of weak enforcement and implementation persist, resulting in concerns over irregular allocations, conflicts, and tension. However, unresolved claims of historical land injustices, unsustainable land use practices, changing land use, tenure insecurity and frequent land-related conflicts are quintessential manifestations of Kenya’s fabled land question.

Our Motivation

Most Kenyans, especially the majority poor rely almost exclusively on land and natural resources, such as forests, water, wildlife, fisheries, dry lands, wetlands and minerals for sustenance. Apart from Agriculture which sustains over 80% of Kenyans, other livelihood activities like pastoralism, fishing, tourism and processing natural resources for sale are entirely dependent on natural resources.

The Land, Resources and Equity program seeks to promote and support development and implementation of appropriate laws, regulations, institutional frameworks and capacities for sustainable and accountable management of land and natural resources.

Our Approach

  1. Research
    • In research, ILEG seeks to investigate the effectiveness of legal and policy tools in bringing about sustainable governance of natural resources; identify any existing policy gaps; and recommend the most promising pathways to effective natural resource governance. ILEG also conducts baseline surveys to benchmark impacts of projects and programmes. Occasionally, it conducts special studies on current topics with impending impact on the environment and people’s livelihoods.
  2. Advocacy
    • Awareness creation and public participation on environment, forest, land and natural resources policies, laws and regulations to improve on enforcement and ensure compliance. ILEG pushes on several fronts for its analytical insights to be used by policymakers, businesses, and other key actors to make sustainable governance of natural resources possible. As such, it shares its research findings with stakeholders at the international, regional, national and sub-national levels for debate, feedback, refinement, and implementation. As an honest broker, ILEG will continue to facilitate policy dialogues and consultations to make sound environmental laws and policies informed by the need for a safe and healthy environment, economic transformation, and improved livelihoods.
  3. Education and training
    • ILEG undertakes training and other activities aimed at strengthening capacities of individuals, communities, organizations, and governments to understand the nature of contemporary development challenges and policy strategies for the achievement of sustainable development, this is done mainly through workshops and seminars. We also train communities in nature-based enterprise tree nursery establishment. In addition, it provides affiliation to scholars and students through fellowship and internship programmes in the areas of law and policy relevant to sustainable governance of natural resources.
  4. Advice and technical support
    • A fundamental aspect of ILEG’s advisory work is to assist government agencies in developing legal, policy and institutional arrangements for managing natural resources. In this regard, it has supported Kenya’s Commission for Implementation of the Constitution (CIC) and the ministries of Land, Housing and Urban Development (MLUH); and Environment, Water and Natural Resources (EWNR) in various areas including formulating and reviewing laws, policies and regulations.
  5. Capacity building
    • ILEG also seeks to support local communities and organizations to restore native forest ecosystems and reverse degradation, whilst strengthening local capacity for enhancing management practices, and promoting alternative livelihoods with gender equity, in ways that attend to the local needs and aspirations. 

Programme elements

Our OBJECTIVES

  1. To undertake policy research on topical issues relevant to sustainable management, conservation and utilization of land and natural resources in Kenya and East Africa 
  2. To advocate for the development, review and implementation of laws and policies on sustainable management, conservation and utilization of land and natural resources in Kenya and East Africa. 
  3. To promote public participation and civic engagement in the management, conservation and utilization of land and natural resources in Kenya and East Africa. 
  4. To promote a robust and continuous dialogue among local, national and regional stakeholders in order to promote cooperation and coordination in the management, conservation and utilization of land and natural resources in Kenya and East Africa 
  5. To strengthen county level planning and coordination in the management of land and natural resources. 
  6. To strengthen capacities and enhance public awareness on sustainable management and utilization of land and natural resources. 
  7. To provide technical support to county and national government and other public agencies in the development, review and implementation of laws and policies related to sustainable management, conservation and utilization of land and natural resources. 
  8. Developing and supporting community-based projects and initiatives that improve the productivity of local land based natural resources. 
  9. Improve land and natural resource tenure security and reduce conflict over natural assets. 
  10. Improve management of protected and biologically sensitive areas. 

OuR PROJECTS

CURRENT PROJECTS

ILEG aims to restore and rehabilitate degraded landscapes in Siaya and Kajiado Counties.

Environment, Democracy & Justice

Securing the natural assets of local and vulnerable communities by supporting and promoting due process rights.

Science, Technology & Innovation

Supporting the development and use of scientific knowledge and technological innovation to strengthen the management and governance of the environmental and natural resources.

PAST PROJECTS

Mapping poverty and vulnerability in East Africa

 As the world population grows, the ultimate bearer of the consequences is the environment.

Securing environmental justice and participatory governance in Kenya’s oil and extractive sector.

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Promoting Open and accountable Oil Governance for peace and Sustainable Development in East Africa.

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Reforming the Institution of Community Trusts (Community Trusts as a Mechanism for CBNRM).

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

The Use of Powers of Eminent Domain in Kenya

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Strengthening County Governments’ Role on Land governance.

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Securing Land Rights through Community Leadership and Corporate Accountability

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Promoting Good Governance and Accountability in Kenya’s Extractive Sector

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Land Reforms in Kenya: Achievements and the Missing Link

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Land & Natural Resources

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Land & Natural Resources PT 2

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Land Access and Acquisition for the Extractive Industry and the Role of Community Structures in Turkana, Kenya: Policy Brief No. 2 of 2018

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Community Engagement in the Extractive Sector in Kenya – The Case of Turkana: Policy Brief No. 3 of 2018.

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

From Rhetoric to Genuine Pursuit of Transparency and Accountability in Kenya’s Extractives Sector: Policy Brief No. 4 of 2018.

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Promoting enhanced transparency and accountability in the management of Kenya’s extractive sector.

The overall goal of the project is to promote enhanced transparency and accountability in the management of Kenya’s extractive sector…

Legal Framework for Beach Management Units in East Africa.

The sustainability of fisheries resources in most water bodies in East Africa is are threat. This has arisen because of poor management, leading to degradation resulting from beach pollution and the use of destructive fishing methods such as dynamite, poison and small fishnets…

International Climate Initiative (IKI):Vertical integration and learning for low emission development in Africa and Southeast Asia (V-LED)

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

Promoting enhanced transparency and accountability in the management of Kenya’s extractive sector.

Strengthening national and county capacities to promote climate resilient low carbon development at county level in Kenya: Learning through exchange and networking

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ILEG is an independent, non-profit public interest law and policy organization focused on promoting sustainable development. We work with local communities, governments, the private sector and civil society organizations (CSO’s) to ensure fair, balanced and equitable development policy choices to improve peoples’ lives and protect the environment.

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